Key information
Atomic number: 
28
Atomic weight: 
58.71
Density: 
8900 kg/m³
Boiling point: 
3003.16° K
Melting point: 
1726.16° K
Heat vapour: 
381.07 kJ/mol
Heat fusion: 
17.63 kJ/mol
Thermal conductivity: 
14.5 W/m/K
Specific heat capacity: 
92.13 J/kg/K

Nickel is a silvery white metal. In 1751 the Swedish mineralogist Axel Fredrik Crondstedt (1722-1765) isolated an impure sample of the metal separated from the ore. He was later able to ascertain that this new metal was found in a mineral ore worked by German miners in Saxony and retained the name kupfernickel from the Saxon ore - subsequently shortened to nickel. His results were afterwards confirmed by T. 0. Bergman in 1775.

70% of Nickel is used in the manufacture of stainless steel products. Notable instances of use are in replacement joints, surgical instruments and heart stints, and has a wide ranging number of applications pots and pans, aircraft constructions, parts for motor vehicles and computers, and in catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells. Along with the five cent US nickel coin, the metal is also used to manufacture coinage, including the Euro.

Electron Shell: 
Amazon Books
Image of The Last Sorcerers: The Path from Alchemy to the Periodic Table
Author: National Academy of Sciences, Richard Morris
Publisher: Henry (Joseph) Press (2003)
Binding: Hardcover, 294 pages