Key information
Atomic number: 
41
Atomic weight: 
92.91
Density: 
8400 kg/m³
Boiling point: 
3573.16° K
Melting point: 
2741.16° K
Heat vapour: 
26.8 kJ/mol
Heat fusion: 
8 kJ/mol
Specific heat capacity: 
52.35 J/kg/K

Niobium is a soft, grey-white, somewhat ductile and malleable, metallic element. It is often found within the same formations of minerals as tantalum. When it was discovered it was given the name columbium and the chemical symbol Cb. It was renamed niobium in 1844.

The use of niobium within capacitors found in mobile phones, as a replacement for tantalum, has been investigated.

Electron Shell: 
Amazon Books
Image of The Last Sorcerers: The Path from Alchemy to the Periodic Table
Author: National Academy of Sciences, Richard Morris
Publisher: Henry (Joseph) Press (2003)
Binding: Hardcover, 294 pages