Key information
Atomic number: 
50
Atomic weight: 
118.69
Density: 
7300 kg/m³
Boiling point: 
2543.16° K
Melting point: 
505.06° K
Heat vapour: 
293.13 kJ/mol
Heat fusion: 
7.2 kJ/mol
Thermal conductivity: 
8.8 W/m/K
Specific heat capacity: 
67 J/kg/K

There are two allotropes of tin. Grey tin is a brittle grey powder. The metallic form is white tin, and is stable above 13° C. Tin disease which occurs at low temperatures marks the transition from white to grey tin.

The metal is used in modern manufacturing, notably as a coating in tin cans. Aluminium cans which are lighter in weight have replaced tin cans in many instances. A cause of growing demand for tin, is its requirement as the principal component in electronic solders. The electronics industry is moving toward lead-free solders, which typically include 95% tin 3% silver and 1% copper.

Electron Shell: 
Amazon Books
Image of The Last Sorcerers: The Path from Alchemy to the Periodic Table
Author: National Academy of Sciences, Richard Morris
Publisher: Henry (Joseph) Press (2003)
Binding: Hardcover, 294 pages