In excess of 40 million tyres, or around 480,000 tonnes, are disposed of each year in the UK. The majority are car tyres which are taken off at tyre retailers and garages for replacement, with the estimated two million end-of-life vehicles a year contributing some 10 million car tyres to the total. From 16 July 2006, the disposal of tyres (except oversize and bicycle tyres) to landfill has been banned. 2005 data shows an overall used tyre recovery rate of around 94 per cent (450,000 tonnes), therefore, only limited tonnages of tyres were landfilled in the first half of 2006, whether as tyre shred or in automotive shredder residue. The End of Life Vehicles (ELV) Directive introduced,an 85 per cent re-use, recycling and recovery target for Authorised Treatment Facilities handling ELVs. The landfill disposal ban now forces the recovery of tyres. At an average non-metallic weight of 30 kg per vehicle and with an infrastructure already in place to collect and treat them, recovery of resources from tyres is a relatively easy means to achieving a third of the 87 kg required from each complete vehicle.
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