Key information
Atomic number: 
23
Atomic weight: 
50.94
Density: 
6100 kg/m³
Boiling point: 
3723.16° K
Melting point: 
2173.16° K
Heat vapour: 
443.89 kJ/mol
Heat fusion: 
17.59 kJ/mol
Thermal conductivity: 
4 W/m/K

Vanadium is a soft and ductile, silver-grey metal. It has oxides which are amphoteric - they have some characteristics of metals and some of non-metals. The oxidation states of vanadium include +2, +3, +4 and +5 (a +1 oxidation state is rarely seen).

Electron Shell: 
Amazon Books
Image of The Last Sorcerers: The Path from Alchemy to the Periodic Table
Author: National Academy of Sciences, Richard Morris
Publisher: Henry (Joseph) Press (2003)
Binding: Hardcover, 294 pages