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Yttrium is a silver-grey metallic element occurring in gadolinite, xenotime and other minerals. It takes its name from Ytterby, a village in Sweden near Vauxholm, which is the site of a quarry which yielded many unusually minerals containing rare earths and other elements. The German chemist Friedrich Wöhler (1800 - 1882) obtained the impure element in 1828 by reduction of the anhydrous chloride with potassium. The metal is now produced commercially by reduction of the fluoride with calcium metal.

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Amazon Books
Image of The Last Sorcerers: The Path from Alchemy to the Periodic Table
Author: National Academy of Sciences, Richard Morris
Publisher: Henry (Joseph) Press (2003)
Binding: Hardcover, 294 pages